This article discusses the prospects for the use of pheromones in agriculture as a method of pest control and their advantages over pesticides from an environmental point of view. In this article, pheromones, their specific significance, as well as their significance for biological species, ways of their possible use for human needs, as well as the influence of external physical environmental factors on pheromones. In modern environmental conditions, this issue is most acute, and research in this area is very promising. Pheromones are one of the types of external stimuli that affect the behavior and physiological state of humans and animals, a complex of special olfactory signals is shown. These are biological markers of a kind, volatile mosignals that control neuroendocrine behavioral responses, developmental processes, and processes associated with social behavior and reproduction. Pheromones help alter the behavior, physiological and emotional state or metabolism of other individuals of the same species. Pheromones have found their application in various types of pheromones, agriculture. When combined with traps, luring insects can destroy a significant number of pests.